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Located in the Southern United States, Mississippi has been ranked the most religious state in the country by such places as the Pew Research Center and the Gallup Poll. Also known as “The Magnolia State” and “The Hospitality State,” Mississippi consists of areas of delta land along the Mississippi River and heavily forested regions. A majority of the farm-raised catfish consumed in the U.S. is produced by aquaculture in Mississippi and industrial farms continue to dominate the landscape. With a population of nearly 3 million residents, Mississippi is the 31st most populous state and does make provisions for the sharing of its records with the public.
The Mississippi Public Records Act wasn’t passed until 1983. Before this, there was considered to be common law access to public records in the state due to court decisions dating back to 1941. The current public records law can be found in Chapter 61 of Title 25 of the Mississippi Code. The Act provides that “any person” has a right to access public records in the state. The purpose of the request generally doesn’t need to be stated, unless the records being requested are of a confidential nature. The use of records once obtained is unrestricted.
Records that are subject to the Act include files that are produced by all public bodies in the state, including the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. However, the executives, legislators, and judges themselves are exempt. Other records that are not included under the Act, or are exempt, include:
Background checks in Mississippi are administered by the Mississippi Department of Public Safety, Criminal Information Center. These are conducted for the purposes of pre-employment checks, licensing, and criminal justice investigations. A signed consent or court order is required to request one of these reports. These are also fingerprint-based reports, so a fingerprint scan needs to be completed for all applicants before requesting a report.
To obtain information about the corrections facilities in Mississippi, inmates in the system, and services for victims, visit the state Department of Corrections website. If you wish to locate an offender in the prison system, you can do a search on their offender locator page either by Name or ID Number. You will be provided with an Inmate Detail page, given an image if available, a list of offenses, current location, and tentative release date.
Information on the courts in Mississippi and obtaining court records can be obtained from the state’s administrator of the courts website. Many current court cases can be searched online through the state’s Mississippi Electronic Courts (MEC) portal. The court’s open records policy can be found here. Copies of actual court records and case files may still need to be requested from the clerk of the court where the case was heard.
Vital records in Mississippi for birth, death, and marriage certificates are maintained by the Office of Vital Records. Birth records and death records are available from 1912 to present. Marriage records are available from January 1, 1926 to June 1, 1938 and from January 1, 1942 to present. For all requests, you will need to prove that you are either listed on the record or are an immediate family member, legal guardian, or legal representative to make an application.
There are several ways to request any of these records in Mississippi:
The Office of Vital Records does not maintain divorce records. A divorce certificate needs to be requested from the Chancery Clerk in the county where the divorce took place. If you are not sure which county the divorce took place in, the Office of Vital Records may be able to search in the index from 1926 to present to locate this for you.
Located in the Midwestern region of the United States, South Dakota is the 17th largest yet the 5th least populated state with just 853,000 residents. The Missouri River runs down the middle of the state, which creates two geographic and socially diverse regions. The state is known for both its Black Hills and Mount Rushmore, which are famous tourist destinations. The economy in South Dakota is heavily dependent on both ranching and defense spending, and the state has long made provisions for the sharing of its records with the public.
South Dakota’s Freedom of Information Act was first passed in 1939 and has been added to and amended many times since. It can be found in Chapter 27 of Title 1 of the South Dakota Codified Laws. The Law states that “any person” may request access to public records. However, it then limits access to inmates in the state by excluding many records that they can request. The purpose of the application generally doesn’t matter yet the law does prohibit the resale or redistribution of information obtained under the law.
Records that are covered under the law include all records from any public agency, including the executive branch. The legislative branch is not included. The courts are not excluded from the law, but they do have their own set of disclosure rules regarding court records. Records that you are not able to get under the law, or that are exempt, include:
Background checks in South Dakota are administered by the state Division of Criminal Investigation. The department runs two types of background checks: State Only and State and FBI background checks. Both are fingerprint-based background checks and require the consent of the person being examined. Either of these is used for licensing, employment, housing, and government agency purposes.
To find out information about inmates in the South Dakota System, the state correctional facilities, or services for victims, you can visit the state Department of Corrections website. If you wish to locate an offender, there is a search page where you will be prompted to enter either a DOC# or a First and Last Name. You will be provided with the offender’s current location, a list of offenses, sentence, and earliest possible release date.
Any information on courts and court cases in the state of South Dakota can be found on its administrator of the courts website. The state has set up a system for various court records searches. If you wish to search for a civil case, you can do this yourself for a fee online. All other searches are either done through a request form with the Jackson County Clerk of the Court (for all courts), or you can approach the specific court where the case was heard with your records request.
Vital records, such as birth, death, marriage, and divorce certificates, in South Dakotaare administered by the state Department of Health Vital Records Office. To request a copy of any of these records, you must prove eligibility by either being the person listed on the record, a spouse, child, parent, guardian, next of kin, or authorized agent. The only exception is for birth records older than 100 years, which are public record and can be searched directly on their web page. All other records can be obtained in the following ways:
The records that you are able to obtain via these methods will depend on the type of certificate that you are requesting.
Birth certificates are available from July 1, 1905 to present, and records can be obtained from either the State Office or a county Register of Deeds.
Death certificates are available from July 1, 1905 to present, and records can be obtained from either the State Office or a county Register of Deeds. However, with deaths before 1960, you can only get same day issuance at a local office.
Marriage certificates are available from July 1, 1905 to present, and records can be obtained from either the State Office or a county Register of Deeds. However, with marriages before 1950, you can only get same day issuance at a local office.
Divorce certificates are available from July 1, 1905 to present, and these must be obtained from the State Office.
Wisconsin Public Records
Background checks involve a review of civil, criminal and financial records appropriate for gathering different types of information for different purposes. It is important to understand the availability of public records in Wisconsin and how to access this information.
Wisconsin Public Records Laws
Public records are made available in the State of Wisconsin through the Wisconsin Public Records Law (Wis. Stats. §§19.31 – 19.39). The law permits citizens access to all public documents related to the conduct of government business in the Wisconsin. This includes public records of any elected official and any employee working on behalf of any governmental body in the state. Access to such records may be made by request (via mail) to the Office of Open Government, Wisconsin Department of Justice in Madison, Wisconsin. No information related to criminal activity of any individual or other records of a non-governmental person is available through a request made through the Wisconsin Public Records Law.
Criminal records, including arrest records and those records generally available for the purpose of an employee background check are available through the Wisconsin Department of Justice. A request for information concerning the criminal history of a person arrested, charged and adjudicated in Wisconsin must be made to the Criminal Records Unit of the Wisconsin Department of Justice. The unit maintains 1.3 million records, which have been received from law enforcement agencies, district attorney offices, clerks of court and municipal courts throughout the State of Wisconsin.
Background checks that an employer performs that require the use of a fingerprint card may be submitted to the Wisconsin Department of Justice Crime Information Bureau (CIB). The CIB is responsible for the maintenance of criminal history information submitted by local law enforcement agencies in Wisconsin. A completed Criminal History Challenge Form along with a full set of fingerprints are required to determine the existence of a criminal history for a person residing in the state. If no matching fingerprint cards have been submitted by law enforcement, no matching criminal history will be made available to a requester.
Information concerning inmates within the Wisconsin Department of Corrections (DOC) can be found by accessing the Offender Locator portal. This portal allows access to information regarding the inmate status of any individual throughout the system. Access to the portal requires the entering of, at a minimum, the last name of the offender.
The system will return a search result matching that data point, with the following additional fields: first name, year of birth, race, county where the disposition of the person’s criminal case occurred (or where incarcerated), zip code and current status. The status of the individual is denoted as incarcerated (inc) or under active community supervision (acs). Information concerning a Wisconsin offender’s status may also be accessed via vinelink.com.
Any public records of the Wisconsin Circuit Courts regarding a criminal defendant can be accessed online through the Wisconsin Court System Circuit Court Access portal. The availability of records depends on the county in which the court case was handled, as access to the system, as well as back loading of older cases varied from county to county. Certain confidential records may bit be accessible through the portal, such as those involving adoptions, juvenile delinquency, child protection, termination of parental rights, guardianship, and civil commitments.
Vital records such as birth, death, domestic partnership, marriage and divorce for Wisconsin residents may be found by accessing the Wisconsin Department of Health Services Vital Records Service. A search for any such records may not be performed without a written application and fee (based on the type of search requested). The dates available for a requested vital record depends on the information provided by a local county’s vital records office.
Also known as the “Cornhusker State,” Nebraska lies in both the Midwestern United States and the Great Plains. Agriculture is big in Nebraska, as its treeless prairies make ideal cattle-grazing ground and fertile land for corn and soybeans. Crossed by many historic trails, Nebraska was explored by the Lewis and Clark expedition in the early 1800s, and it achieved statehood in 1867. With a population of 1.8 million residents, Nebraska is the 37th most populous state in the U.S. and does make provisions for the sharing of its records with the public.
The Nebraska Public Records Law was passed in 1975 and is found in Section 712 of Chapter 84 in the Nebraska Revised Statutes. The Law states that “all citizens of this state, and all other persons interested in the examination of the public records” may have access to them. The purpose of the request does not need to be stated and the use of the documents once obtained is unrestricted.
Records that are covered under the Law include all records from a public entity, including the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Records that are not subject to the Law, or that are exempt, include:
Nebraska Criminal History Reports are administered by the Nebraska State Patrol. These are called Nebraska Records of Arrest and Prosecution (RAP) and return results that have fingerprint-based arrests. Therefore, minor traffic violations or citations will not be included.
Nebraska is considered an open records state so a RAP sheet can be requested by anyone (on anyone) through a request form or an online portal. To make an application, you will need the full name and date of birth of the individual. A SSN# is also preferable.
Visit the Nebraska Department of Corrections website to get information on inmates in the system, services for victims, and correctional facilities in the state. If you want to locate an offender in Nebraska, there is a search page on which you can enter either a DC S Id Number or a Last and First Name. You will be provided with the offender’s status, location, offense information, and earliest possible release date.
For information on the courts in Nebraska or to learn about how to obtain copies of court records, visit the administrator of the courts website. To search for court records online, Nebraska has a JUSTICE court case database that provides access to criminal, civil, traffic, juvenile, and probate cases filed in all of the state’s county and district courts. You will be able to determine case detail, parties involved, court cost information, and registrar of actions. Copies of full case files will still need to be requested from the clerk of the court at the courthouse where the case was heard.
Vital records in the state of Nebraska, such as birth, death, marriage, and divorce certificates, are administered by the Nebraska Department of Health & Human Services, Office of Vital Records. A request for any of these documents requires that you prove “proper purpose” in the application. This means that you must either show that you are listed on the record or are a relative or legal guardian of the registrant that requires the certificate for documentation of a vital event. Examples of these are probate, school admission, or re-marriage.
How to request each and the dates available depend on the type of vital record that you need:
Located in the southern region of the United Stated and bordered on the south by Mexico, Louisiana is also known as the “Bayou State”. Made up of vast deltas and marshland as a result of sediment washed down from the Mississippi River, the state is rich in wildlife and provides many opportunities for recreation. Louisiana is the only U.S. state to name its political subdivisions parishes instead of counties, and the state has long made provisions for the sharing of government records with the public.
The first Public Records Act in Louisiana was passed in 1940, and it was later revised in the state constitution in 1974 and again in 1978. The law is covered under Title 44 of the Louisiana state statute. The law states that “any person of the age of majority” may have access to public records in the state of Louisiana. The reason for the request and the intended use of the records is immaterial except with regards to convicted felons. Convicted felons may be able to access records but must disclose the reason for their request.
Records that are subject to the law include any record from a “public body” of the state, including executive offices, legislative bodies, and some parts of the judicial system. Records that are exempt under the law include:
Background checks in Louisiana are administered by the Louisiana State Police, Bureau of Identification and Information. Most background checks in the state require a signed authorization from the person being checked, and you cannot run a check on someone else as a private citizen. Employers, school districts, and licensing agencies have several options for requesting a background check. They can submit a form, with a signed authorization, and fingerprint card to the Bureau of Identification and Information. Or, if they qualify, there is an online background check portal that returns name-based background reports only. Either of these reports will return arrest and conviction information for the state of Louisiana only.
If you are looking for information on offenders in the Louisiana system, for victim services, or to learn more about the correctional facilities in the state, you can visit the Louisiana Department of Corrections website. There are two ways to located an offender in Louisiana. There is an automated number (225-383-4580) that will allow you to enter the offender’s DOC Number and get their current status. In the alternative, you can go to Vinelink.com and do an online search where you will be given the offenders present location, a list of convictions, and their earliest possible release date.
Information on any court in the state of Louisiana can be found on its administrator of the courts website. Some court cases can be located through an online search of the Law Library of Louisiana, but most court records will need to be requested from the appropriate courthouse where the case was heard.
Birth and death certificates in the state of Louisiana are administered by the State Registrar & Vital Records, a division of the Department of Health & Hospitals. Birth certificates are available for the last 100 years and death certificates for the last 50 years. For either of these requests, you must prove that you have a right to the certificate, such as being a relative or a legal representative. There are several ways to apply for a birth or death certificate in Lousiana:
All marriage and divorce certificates must come from the clerk of the court office in the parish where the event took place.
An unincorporated, organized territory of the United States located in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government. The largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands, and the largest island in Micronesia, Guam has a long history of colonization and the Guam Organic Act of 1950 established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S.. While its 161,000 residents are entitled to U.S. citizenship, Guam is not a U.S. state so citizens residing on Guam cannot vote in presidential elections and their congressional representatives are non-voting members of Congress. Guam does make provisions for the sharing of its records with the public.
The Sunshine Law of 1987 was the original public records law in Guam and was revised in the Sunshine Reform Act of 1999, which can be found in Chapter 10, Article 1-3 of the Statutes. The Law states that “every person” has the right to inspect and take copies of public documents in Guam. The reason for the request does not need to be stated, and records may be used for any purpose once obtained.
Records that are covered under the law include any records from a public agency, including the executive, legislative and judicial branches. Records that are not included, or are exempt, include:
Background checks in Guam are administered by the Guam Police Department. They have no forms or instructions available on their website but do refer to these as a Police Clearance. These record checks for the Territory of Guam only and are used for such things as pre-employment, adoption, licensing, and criminal justice cases. Records returned are usually for convictions within the last 11 years, except for DWI, which doesn’t expire. Fingerprinting may be required to run these reports.
To learn about the corrections program on Guam, find services for victims, or to locate an inmate, you can visit the Guam Department of Corrections website. Guam has only one correctional facility called Hagatna Adult Correctional Facility in Mangilao County (#3 Mashburn Lane, Mangiloa, GU 96913). There is no online search function to locate inmates, but you can call the DOC at (671) 734-4566 with questions about location and visitation.
Information on any of the courts in Guam can be found on its administrator of the courts website. The only online searches that can be done are of the court calendars for the Supreme Court and the Superior Court and the Guam Law Library, which is limited. You can obtain copies of court documents by making a public records request with the clerk of the court in the courthouse where the case was heard.
Vital records in Guam, such as birth, death, and marriage certificates are administered by the Department of Health & Social Services, Office of Vital Statistics. The office has birth and death records from October 26, 1901 to present. There is no date available for marriage certificates.
To obtain a birth, death, or marriage certificate, you must either be the person listed on the certificate or prove that you are a spouse, parent, child, or legal representative. Send a completed application with proper documentation and payment to: Office of Vital Statistics, 123 Chalan Kreta, Mangilao, Guam 96913.
Copies of divorce certificates must be requested directly from the court, and the cost of copying will vary. Your request should go to: Clerk, Superior Court of Guam, Guam Judicial Center, 120 West O’Brien Drive, Hagatna, Guam 96910.
Located in the Western United States, Montana is the 4th largest of the U.S. states yet only the 44th most populous, with just over 1 million residents. Bordered on the north by Canada and on the South by Colorado, Montana contains many mountain ranges that are a part of the Rocky Mountains. Also, unofficially known as “Big Sky Country,” Montana is famous for its Glacier National Park and Yellowstone National Park. The state government of Montana has long had provisions for the sharing of public records.
Montana passed its first public records law in 1895, just six years after attaining statehood. The law gave access to public records by statute but was broadened in 1972 when the state legislature re-wrote the Montana state constitution. This right is now written into the state constitution under Article II, Sections 8 and 9.
The Constitution provides that “any person”, regardless of citizenship, may have access to public records in Montana. The purpose of the request only matters in cases of potential invasion of privacy, and there is no restriction on the use of information once obtained.
The Act includes public records of the state government and its entities, including the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. There are exemptions, or things that you will not be able to obtain, and these include:
Background checks in Montana are the responsibility of the Montana Department of Justice, Division of Criminal Investigation. There are two types of criminal records reports in Montana. Law enforcement organizations can request a complete background check that includes warrants and criminal history in other states. The general public can request a background check on anyone through the state’s online web page that will return Montana convictions for felonies and misdemeanors.
It is also possible to get either a name-based criminal records check or a fingerprint-based criminal records check. The name-based check requires only a name, date of birth, and social security number of the person being checked. These can be requested online, in person, or by mail. The fingerprint-based check can only be requested via mail or in person.
The Montana Department of Corrections website has information for anyone looking to locate an inmate, find Victim Programs, or find other information on the correctional facilities in the state. Should you wish to locate an offender in the Montana system, the site has its own search page where you will be prompted to enter either a Department of Corrections ID Number or a First and Last Name. You’ll be given an image of the offender, if available, a list of their convictions, their current location, and their earliest release date.
Any information on courts and court cases in the state of Montana can be found on its administrator of the courts website. The only cases that can be searched online are the Montana Supreme Court cases. Other court case records will need to be requested at the appropriate courthouse.
If you need a copy of a birth certificate or death certificate, you can obtain this through the Office of Vital Statistics, Montana Department of Health and Human Services. Birth and death records are available from 1907 to present. To order either one of these, you will need to prove relationship to the parties on the certificate. There are two ways to order these:
Montana marriage and divorce certificates can only be obtained through the District Court Clerk in the county where the event occurred. Depending on the particular county, you may be able to request these by mail or in person.
Officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the state of Kentucky is located in the east south-central region of the United States and was originally a part of Virginia. Known as the “Bluegrass State,” Kentucky is famous for its fertile soil and for being home to the world’s longest cave system in Mammoth Cave National Park. Ranked as the 26th most populous state, Kentucky has 4.4 million residents and does make provisions for sharing its public records.
The Kentucky Open Records Act was passed in 1976 and is covered under state statute Chapter 61 KRS 61.870 – 61.884. Under the law, “any person” may inspect public records and a person includes corporations, societies, and communities. People requesting records may be asked to state their reason and intended use for the records. Commercial use of records isn’t forbidden in most cases but does need to be disclosed.
Public entities that must produce records include any public agency, including all state and local government offices. This includes the executive and legislative branches, and any body that obtains at least 25 percent of its funds from the state. The judicial branch is not subject to the law per case law via the state Supreme Court. Records that are not covered, or are exempt, include:
Background checks in Kentucky are handled by two different agencies. You can request a Criminal Records Report through the Kentucky Court of Justice using their online system. This is for a public records report, and it is also a name-based report. The Kentucky State Police also administer background checks for licensing, criminal justice and employment purposes. These are also name-based reports but require the signed consent of the person being reported on.
If you are looking for information on offenders in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, need help with Victim Services, or want to learn more about the correctional facilities in the state, you can go to the state Department of Corrections website. To search for a particular offender, the state has its own search page called Kentucky Online Offender Lookup (KOOL). You will be prompted to enter Last, First, and Middle Name of the offender. The system will provide you with the offender’s location, a list of offenses, and earliest release date.
Any information on the court system in Kentucky can be obtained from the administrator of the courts website. Court records can be searched through the state’s online CourtNet website. This will provide records on criminal and civil cases although paper copies will still need to be requested through the appropriate courthouse.
Vital records in the Commonwealth of Kentucky are maintained by the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Vital Statistic Office. If you need a birth death, marriage or divorce certificate, there are three ways to request these:
How far back records are available, and relationship requirements depend on the type of record being requested.